2006年1月 中島 里奈
Pre-reading Questions:1. What country is Costiera Amalfitana in?
2. How long does Costiera Amalfitana?
Costiera Amalfitana , Italy
Inscribed :1997 Criteria: C (ii)（iv)（v）
The Amalfi coast is an area of great physical beauty and natural diversity. It has been intensively settled by human communities since the early Middle Ages. There are a number of towns such as Amalfi and Ravello with architectural and artistic works of great significance. The rural areas show the versatility of the inhabitants in adapting their use of the land to the diverse nature of the terrain, which ranges from terraced vineyards and orchards on the lower slopes to wide upland pastures.
(1)Divine: this is one of many charming adjectives that can be used to describe Italy’s Amalfi Coast;a coast stretch that links Positano to Vietri sul Mare, lying at the gates of Salerno.
Surrounded by steep rugged mountain cliffs 700 meters high, that drop dramatically into the deep blue Mediterranean. These mesmerizing views can never be escaped, viewed from the land or from the sea. The Amalfi coast is unique in the world for it’s natural beauty, breath-taking views, colours and characteristic ness. Small picturesque fishing villages are scattered in clusters, upon the front face of the mountain. Villa’s, churches and corner shops are built cut out of the rock, on top of each other climbing up the mountain from the water's edge.
(2)All buildings are surrounded by kept gardens and terraces, narrow pebbled streets and endless steps, lemon trees, grape and olive vine’s and the perfume of nature.It is a presence rich in history and culture, which is still alive today, among so many artistic memories of the past. Amalfi introduced instruments, such as the compass, and ideas such as the fundamentals of navigation, to the West. From these roots, originated the friendly hospitality and generosity of the people from the Coast, today as yesterday, thoughtful towards visitors and travellers.
(3)Amalfi is a picturesque seaside resort that has the most vibrant, typical Italian atmosphere, an ideal climate, breath taking views and unique natural beauties.There are many modern hotels located in Amalfi, as well as some of the eldest hotels in the whole of Italy. In the past, Amalfi was the first Sea Republic, from four in total. The other three Sea Republic’s in Italy were Pisa, Venice and Genova.
(4)After the fall of the Roman Empire, Amalfi was the first city to restore a relationship between the East and the West.The people from Amalfi transported and introduced merchandise such as coffee, paper and carpets, in Italy.
Also in the past, Amalfi founded a magnificent hospital that was situated in Jerusalem ? Israel, had its own coin and, was the home of the inventor of the compass. The inventor, named Flavio Gioia, enforced the famous maritime law on navigators, which is known as “Tabula de Amalpha”. In 1112, Brother Gerardo Sasso, from Scala (a village located just behind Amalfi), embarked upon the first Military and religious Order named The Knights of St. John. This Order later changed to The Knights of Cyprus, and then to The Knights of Rhodes and in 1530, to The Knights of Malta, which still exists today.
The Knights from these Orders fought constantly, in battles against the Saracens and in 1849, they defended Rome and the Church, in the famous battle of Ostia.
(5)However, today Amalfi is a peaceful and picturesque seaside resort, surrounded in natural beauties and has beautiful weather conditions.Countless fascinating tales and historical monuments, such as the Cathedral, the old dockyards, and Paper Mills that, in the past, made the famous paper of Amalfi, and are still making this paper today, all accompany this small town.
Tips etc. 観光スポット
エメラルドの洞窟（4km from Amalfi）：
by Rina Nakajima, Aoyama Gakuin College of Economics
© 2006 SHEJapan.com