（青山学院大学 経済学部経済学科 田村啓）
Pre-reading Questions:1. What country is Durham Cahedral in?
2. When do you think that it was built?
:Inscribed by Durham Cathedral official site
Durham Cathedral is the greatest Norman building in England, perhaps even in Europe. It is cherished not only for its architecture but also for its incomparable setting. For this reason it was inscribed together with the Castle as one of Britain's first World Heritage Sites. In a nationwide BBC poll held in 2001 it was voted the nation's best-loved building. Like Hadrian's Wall and the Angel of the North, it is an icon of north-east England, its image is instantly recognisable to people who love this part of Britain.
13th century,The central tower of this time was destroyed by lightning, so the current tower dates from the fifteenth century. It now features a statue of William Van Mildert, the last Prince Bishop (1826-1836) and the man behind the foundation of Durham University.
Durham Cathedral and Durham Castle were inscribed by UNESCO as one of the first of the British World Heritage Sites in 1986. The Cathedral became a World Heritage Site. The UNESCO committee description was that "Durham Cathedral is the largest and most perfect monument of 'Norman' style architecture in England".Durham Cathedral was built in the late 11th and early 12th centuries to house the relics of St Cuthbert and the Venerable Bede. It is the finest example of Norman architecture in England. Behind the cathedral stands the castle, an ancient Norman fortress which was the residence of the prince-bishops of Durham.
Durham Cathedral has stood here for over 900 years. It contains the remains of Cuthbert, the saintly seventh-century bishop of Lindisfarne; it also holds the tomb of Bede, the chronicler of Cuthbert's life and the first English historian. It is one of the most beautiful buildings in England . Pevsner said of it "Durham is one of the great experiences of Europe to the eyes of those who appreciate architecture, and to the minds of those who understand architecture. The group of Cathedral, Castle, and Monastery on the rock can only be compared to Avignon and Prague." Bill Bryson called it 'the best Cathedral on planet earth'. And it is now part of a World Heritage Site.
In 1986, the Cathedral became a World Heritage Site. Today, the Cathedral is still the seat of the Bishop of Durham. Durham Cathedral has also been featured in the Harry Potter films as Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, where it had a spire added onto the top of the famous towers to make it look less like the cathedral.
Durham Cathedral ダラム大聖堂
relics of St Cuthbert
bishop of Lindisfarne
Avignon and Prague
British World Heritage Sites
Durham Cathedral official site
The Shrine of Saint Cuthbert
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