Center of Florence
Historic Centre of Florence was
added to Unesco's World Heritage List in1982.
Florence was founded by Etruscan settlers from nearby Fiesole. In the first century the Romans came and conquered the town, and named it Florentia.
［本文］Italian art has engendered great public interest and involvement, resulting in the consistent production of monumental and spectacular works. In addition, Italian art has nearly always been closely allied with the intellectual and/or religious currents of its day while retaining its own remarkable past as a continual source of inspiration. _Florence is called the capital of arts; according to statistics produced by UNESCO, 60% of the world's most important works of art are located in Italy and approximately half of these are in Florence.
During the Italian Renaissance Florence acquired its renaissance palaces and squares, turning it into a living museum. Many squares, such as Piazza della Signoria exhibit famous statues and fountains. Florence is also a city of incomparable indoor pleasures. Its chapels, galleries and museums are an inexhaustible treasure, capturing the complex, often elusive spirit of the Renaissance more fully than any other place in the country. The most famous museum in Florence is the Uffizi which houses works by Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Titian and Rubens. Other great art museums include the Pitti Palace, Galleria dell'Accademia and Palazzo Vecchio. Florence is also home to some of the biggest churches in Italy, including the famous Duomo of Florence, San Lorenzo, Santa Maria Novella and Santa Croce.
_Florence attracts a high proportion of international travelers to Italy._The city is an active centre of art and culture, and organizes periodical exhibitions and art festivals. Take for example the summer, when music, cinema, dance and theatre pour out onto the streets and into the squares. There are several outdoor cinemas to be found in Florence, one in the grounds of an old villa where the film is projected onto a screen on the facade of the villa. Nearly all the squares are open in the summer months providing entertainment every evening along with refreshment and spectacular views of the surrounding buildings. The other seasons areno exception however as Florence's theaters draw in the crowds with the operas, ballets and special guests, the many venues that Florence is blessed with host exhibitions, concerts, shows and rare collections of paintings. Florence's blends its art and culture in such a way that you'll find there's always something new to see, do or experience, as it offers endless opportunities to become intimately acquainted with the artistic, architectural, literary, and cultural achievements of Italy's past.
ミケランジェロ（1475-1564） 作/ アダムの創造 The Creation of Adam
・monumental ： 記念碑の；重要な；不朽の/途方もない
・spectacular ： 壮観な；目を見張る/見世物；豪華ショー
・ally〔with/to〕 ： 同盟する；連合する
・religious currents ： 宗教的観念
・capital of arts ： 芸術の都
・fountain ： 噴水；泉/ 起源
・incomparable ： 比類のない/ 比較できない
National name: Republicans Italiana
President: Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (1999)
Prime Minister: Silvio Berlusconi (2001)
Area: 116,305 sq mi (301,230 sq km)
Population: 58,057,477 (growth rate: 0.1%); birth rate: 9.1/1000; infant mortality
(2004 est.) rate: 6.1/1000; life expectancy: 79.5; density per sq mi: 499
Capital and largest city: Rome, 3,550,900 (metro. area), 2,455,600 (city proper)
Monetary units: Euro (formerly lira)Languages: Italian (official); German-, French-, and Slovene-speaking minorities
Ethnicity/race: Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian- and Greek-Italians in the south)
Literacy rate: 99% (2003 est.)
・ Buongiorno: 「おはようございます」 ※昼の３_4時までなら「こんにちは」の意味でも使え
・ Grazie mille: 「どうもありがとう」
Florence 感想、紹介www.shejapan.com > World Heritages > Florence
by Koichi Takemura, Aoyamagakuin College of Economics
ｩ 2005 SHEJapan.com