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平成6年12月、国宝建造物や特別名勝庭園があり併せて周辺の風致景観が保護されてている寺社及び城17件が世界文化遺産「古都京都の文化財」として登録されました。私がこの世界遺産を選んだのは、日本にいながらこんなに素晴しい世界遺産を知らないなんて勿体ないと思った事がきっかけです。また京都は日本文化の中心地で、美しい建築物や日本庭園が多くあり、この機会にその伝統的な文化に触れてみたいと思いました。 そして今回は、私が特に気になった平等院鳳凰堂、清水寺、龍安寺に焦点をあて調べました。 <青山学院大学 経済学部経済学科 藤井 三紗子>


Pre-reading Questions:
1. What prefecture is "Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto" in?


Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto

Inscribed :1979 Criteria: C (iii)

Brief description:

Built in A.D. 794 on the model of the capitals of ancient China, Kyoto was the imperial capital of Japan from its foundation until the middle of the 19th century. As the centre of Japanese culture for more than 1,000 years, Kyoto illustrates the development of Japanese wooden architecture, particularly religious architecture, and the art of Japanese gardens, which has influenced landscape gardening the world over.


Reading Passage
   

Byodo - in Temple, formerly the villa of Fujiwara-no-Michinaga, was converted into a temple by his son, the Kanpaku (Imperial Regent), Fujiwara-no-Yorimichi, in 1052, during the glory period of the Fujiwara family. Phoenix Hall (Ho-o-do), an Amida Buddha hall, was built in the following year. A National Treasure, it is the only building dating back to the time of the temple's establishment. Its graceful appearance conjures up a paradise dreamed of by the Heian aristocracy. The garden, designated as a special place of scenic beauty, is a relic of the Heian Period. This majestic garden centers around Phoenix Hall, Ajiike Pond and incorporates the surrounding natural scenery, including the clear water of the Uji River and the mountains in front. The garden was a favorite among the aristocracy.

Established in 778, this temple has continuously attracted worshippers from among the populace since the Heian Period as "Kiyomizu-Kannon." The temple contains buildings from the 15th to 17th centuries, including Jishu - jinja Shrine. The Main Hall (Hondo), built in the "stage" style, is noted for its beautiful background scenery which changes with the four seasons - including the cherry blossoms and greenery of spring, and the leaves of autumn. Built atop a precipice, the main hall, which is a National Treasure, is famous as the "Kiyomizu Stage" - affording a magnificent view of the city below. The temple precincts contain fifteen buildings designated as Important Cultural Properties, including the inner Temple (Okunoin), Amida Buddha Hall (Amidado), and the three-tiered pagoda.

This Zen temple was built in 1450 by Hosokawa Katsumoto, who had taken possession of a villa of Tokudaiji Temple. The karesansui (dry landscape) rock garden (designated as a special place of scenic beauty), which lies on the south side of the Hojo (quarters of the chief priest), is famous as "Tora-no-ko Watashi." The white sand rectangular garden, surrounded on three sides by an oil earthen wall, measures 25 meters east and west and more than 10 meters north and south. The garden comprises fifteen rocks in five groupings. The name of the artist who created the garden is unknown, though a number of theories exist as to his intent. The garden is famous an expression of symbolism, which reproduces nature.

京都についての文献はとても多く、資料選びがとても大変でした。また、ウェブテキスト作成は初めての経験で苦労することが多く難しかったです。 でも多くの英文に触れることができ、とても勉強になりました。 京都は日本の心を感じることができる場所であり、とても癒される場所なので、実際に行ってお寺参りをし日本の伝統的な文化に触れてみたいと思います。

  







































































Notes
<平等院鳳凰堂>

・平安時代
(794〜1185)

・藤原道長
(966〜1028)
・藤原頼通
(992〜1074)

・the villa
別邸

・Phoenix Hall
鳳凰堂

・the Kanpaku
関白

・relic
遺風

↓十円硬貨↓



<清水寺>

・worshipper
参拝者

・precipice
断崖

<龍安寺>
・細川勝元
(1430〜1473)

・dry landscape
枯山水

・Hojo
方丈(長老、住持の居所)

Web Sites

Kansai Window
Welcome to Kyoto
World Heritage Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto
古都京都の文化財
祇園祭
京都検定!なるほど研究所
World Heritage

www.shejapan.com > World Heritages > Kyoto

by Misako Fujii, Aoyama Gakuin College of Economics

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