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Description Quiz

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Multiple Choice Quiz

<青山学院大学 経済学部 経済学科 竹内亮裕>

Pre-reading Questions:
1. What does Italy look like ?
2. What city does Rome have in it?

Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

Inscribed :1980 Extension : 1990 Criteria : (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)

Brief description:
 Founded, according to legend, by Romulus and Remus in 753 B.C., Rome was first the centre of the Roman Republic, then of the Roman Empire, and it became the capital of the Christian world in the 4th century. The World Heritage site, extended in 1990 to the walls of Urban VIII, includes some of the major monuments of antiquity such as the Forums, the Mausoleum of Augustus, the Mausoleum of Hadrian, the Pantheon, Trajan's Column and the Column of Marcus Aurelius, as well as the religious and public buildings of papal Rome.
UNESCO World Heritage-Historic Centre of Rome

Reading Passage
 Rome was once the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic (since 510 BC) and the Roman Empire (since 31 BC), the most powerful, largest and longest-lasting empire of classical Western civilization. In the course of the centuries, the bishop of Rome rose in importance, so that the Episcopal seat of Rome was occupied ( ) the Popes and hence the centre of the Catholic Church. Rome remained the capital of the Empire until the capital was transferred to Constantinople in 330. (1)The Western Roman Empire finally fell in 476 but Rome remained nominally part of the Byzantine Empire until the creation of the Papal States in 756. The popes ruled Rome, with varying levels success and setbacks, for more than a thousand years until it was finally conquered and made capital of the newly unified Kingdom of Italy in 1870. The Vatican City is a sovereign (a) enclave within the city territory.
 Rome has some of the world's best known works of art and monuments. It is also called "la Citta Eterna" (the Eternal City) and "la citta dei sette colli" ("the city of the seven hills").

ROMAN FORUM (Foro Romano)
 (2)The Roman Forum was the central area around which Ancient Rome developed, in which commerce, business, prostitution, cult and the administration of justice took place. Here the communal (b) hearth was located. Sequences of remains of paving show that sediment eroded from the surrounding hills was already raising the level of the forum in early Republican times. Originally it had been marshy ground, which was drained by the Tarquins with the Cloaca Maxima. Its final travertine paving, still to be seen, (c) dates from the reign of Augustus.
 It is now famous for the remains, which clearly show the use of urban spaces during the Roman Age. The Roman Forum includes major monuments, buildings and other ancient ruins.

COLOSSEUM (Colosseo)
 The Colosseum or Coliseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is a giant (d) amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome. Originally capable of seating 50,000 spectators, it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles. It was built on a site just east of the Roman Forum, with construction starting between 70 and 72 AD under the emperor Vespasian. The amphitheatre, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire, was completed in 80 under Titus, with further modifications being made during Domitian's reign.
 Although it is now in a severely ruined condition due to damage caused ( ) earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum has long been seen as an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome and is one of the finest surviving examples of Roman architecture.

Rome - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Roman Forum - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Colosseum - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tips etc.



Urban VIII

アウグストゥス ローマ帝国初代皇帝

ハドリアヌス帝 五賢帝の一人

トラヤヌス帝 五賢帝の一人

Marcus Aurelius
マルクス・アウレリウス・アントニヌス帝 最後の五賢帝


Episcopal seat

ビザンツ帝国の首都 現在のイスタンブル

Papal States

タルクィニウス・プリスクス 王政ローマ5番目の王

Cloaca Maxima




Web Sites

Rome Map > World Heritages > Rome

by Akihiro Takeuchi, Aoyama Gakuin College of Economics

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