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Statue of Liberty History

The Statue of
Liberty National Monument officially celebrated her 100th birthday on October 28, 1986. The people of France gave the Statue to the people of the United States over one hundred years ago in recognition of the friendship established during the American Revolution. Over the years, the Statue of Liberty has grown to include freedom and democracy as well as this international friendship.


Sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi was commissioned to design a sculpture with the year 1876 in mind for completion, to commemorate the centennial of the American Declaration of Independence. @The Statue was a joint effort between America and France and it was agreed upon that the American people were to build the pedestal, and the French people were responsible for the Statue and its assembly here in the United States. However, lack of funds was a problem on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. In France, public fees, various forms of entertainment, and a lottery were among the methods used to raise funds. In the United States, benefit theatrical events, art exhibitions, auctions and prize fights assisted in providing needed funds. Meanwhile in France, Bartholdi required the assistance of an engineer to address structural issues associated with designing such as colossal copper sculpture. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (designer of the Eiffel Tower) was commissioned to design the massive iron pylon and secondary skeletal framework which allows the Statue's copper skin to move independently yet stand upright. Back in America, fund raising for the pedestal was going particularly slowly, so Joseph Pulitzer (noted for the Pulitzer Prize) opened up the editorial pages of his newspaper, "The World" to support the fund raising effort. Pulitzer used his newspaper to criticize both the rich who had failed to finance the pedestal construction and the middle class who were content to rely upon the wealthy to provide the funds. Pulitzer's campaign of harsh criticism was successful in motivating the people of America to donate

Financing for the pedestal was completed in August 1885, and pedestal construction was finished in April of 1886. The Statue was completed in France in July, 1884 and arrived in New York Harbor in June of 1885 on board the French frigate "Isere" which transported the Statue of Liberty from France to the United States.AIn transit, the Statue was reduced to 350 individual pieces and packed in 214 crates. The Statue was re-assembled on her new pedestal in four months time. On October 28th 1886, the dedication of the Statue of Liberty took place in front of thousands of spectators. She was a centennial gift ten years late.



commemorate 祝う、記念する  centennial 100周年の、100

to commemorate the centennial of the American Declaration of Independence.


Statue  (人・動物などをかたどった)像

pedestal 台座、台

be responsible for  責任がある

assembly 集まり、集合 

(↑assemble  V@集まる、会合する、結集する VA組み立てられる

prize fights プロボクシング試合

public fees, 公共料金  lottery 宝くじ

sculpture  彫刻  (colossal copper sculpture 巨大な銅像)

frigate @ 小型快速船{こがた かいそく せん}

A フリゲート艦18世紀末から19世紀初頭の木造の海軍快速帆船

in transit   移動中


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Ferry Ticket Prices - Adult: $10.00, Senior (62 and over): $8.00, Child (4-12): $4.00, Under 4:Free.







Statue of Liberty 感想

Created by Yujin Tsumuraya.