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テオティワカンを知ったのは姉がそこに行った時の写真を見せてくれた時でした。エジプトのピラミッドの他にもピラミッドがあったことに驚き、テオティワカンに ついて調べようと思いました。有名な世界遺産なのですがまだテオティワカンには解明されていない事が多く今後の発見にとても期待したくなってきました。 また、その背後にある民族、歴史、言い伝えなどを深く知れて良かったです。英語のサイトを見る機会も多かったので、ボキャブラリーが増えました。
<青山学院大学 経済学部 経済学科 加藤亜希>  




Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan, Mexico

Inscribed :1987 Criteria: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)

Brief description:
The holy city of Teotihuacan ('the place where the gods were created') is situated some 50 km north-east of Mexico City. Built between the 1st and 7th centuries A.D., it is characterized by the vast size of its monuments ? in particular, the Temple of Quetzalcoatl and the Pyramids of the Sun and the Moon, laid out on geometric and symbolic principles. As one of the most powerful cultural centres in Mesoamerica, Teotihuacan extended its cultural and artistic influence throughout the region, and even beyond.



Reading Passage

Teotihuacan, located in the highlands of central Mexico, is one of the world's most impressive archaeological sites. Between 100,000 and 200,000 people lived there at its peak around 600 A.D., making it one of the ancient world's largest cities with an urban core covering some twenty square kilometers.

 

    Sometime during the mid-seventh century, certain sectors of the city, particularly around the Pyramids of the Sun and Moon, were repeatedly burned and sacked. The city never recovered from these attacks. The ethnic identity of Teotihuacan's inhabitants is not known. No writing system has been discovered there, even in the intricate iconography of its many painted murals. The original name of the city is not known. It was called puh (Place of the Reeds) by the contemporary Maya. Many centuries after the city's demise,it was named Teotihuacan, "Birthplace of the Gods" by the Aztecs. From its foundation in the second century B.C. to the present day, Teotihuacan has been a legendary locus of political power and a pilgrimage center of tremendous significance.


The Avenue of the Dead was the main street of Teotihuacan. It ran for more than 2.5 km, beginning at the Moon Plaza to the north. According to Millon (Cowgill 1992a:96; Millon 1981:221), the avenue continued even further south, terminating near the edge of the mountains that can be seen in the background of this photo.


As originally built, the Sun Pyramid was approximately 215 by 215 m at the base, and about 63 m high. It was significantly enlarged at least twice in later periods, resulting in a final size of 225 m along each side. The pyramid was located on the east side of the Avenue of the Dead in the northern half of the city. If the area of monumental construction between the Moon Pyramid and the San Juan Canal is regarded as the central zone of the city, the Sun Pyramid is located at its middle. In addition to its geographic centrality, the importance of the pyramid is indicated by a cave located under the structure. It is believed by certain scholars that the cave was used for ritual activities, and why the pyramid was constructed where it is today.  The pyramid was actually reconstructed as five stepped platforms. However, the forth platform seems to have been erorneously reconstructed by Batres early this century. The pyramid originally consisted of four stepped platforms, a surmounting temple, and the Adosada platform, which was built over what was originally the principal facade of the pyramid. No information about the temple itself is available, since, along with the upper-most portion of the pyramid, it has been completely destroyed.


The Pyramid of the Moon is located at the extreme northern end of the Avenue of the Dead, the principal axis of the city of Teotihuacan. The pyramid, facing towards the south, was constructed as the principal monument of the Plaza of the Moon. For many years it was believed that the pyramid contained earlier structures within its walls, but until the Pyramid of the Moon Project excavations began in 1998, archaeologists could only guess at how many there were and how they had been constructed. Over the last four years, as a result of the fieldwork that has been carried out, a large quantity of information and materials have been obtained. All of these materials are now in the process of being analyzed..

紀元前2世紀から6世紀まで存在した巨大な宗教都市遺跡であるテオティワカンは、当時の新大陸では最大規模を誇っていました。また最盛期には下水網も完備されていました。 空気の薄いメキシコシティー、平地に比べて酸素の量が2/3程度となるため,ちょっと運動すると息が切れてしまいます。しかし248段の急な階段を上ってピラミッドの頂上から見える広大な都市遺跡群は素晴らしいものです。是非テオティワカンへ行ったらピラミッドを登ってみて下さい!






























































Notes

intricate
複雑な

iconography
図像

mural
壁画

contemporary
同時期の

locus
場所

pilgrimage
巡礼

ritual
儀式

Web Sites

WORLD MYSTERIES
Teotihuacan Home Page
UNESCO
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
.

www.shejapan.com > World Heritages > Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan

by KATO AKI, Aoyama Gakuin College of Economics


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