作者コメント 大変でした。HTMLを使ってのクイズ作成と平行してVatican cityを調べるのは。
2006年 1月 川畑みどり
Pre-reading Questions:1. What country is Vatican city within?
2. What is the official language in Vatican city?
Vatican city state
Inscription: 1984 Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iv) (vi)
The Vatican City, one of the most sacred places in Christendom, attests to a great history and a formidable spiritual venture. A unique collection of artistic and architectural masterpieces lie within the boundaries of this small state.At its centre is St Peter's Basilica, with its double colonnade and a circular piazza in front and bordered by palaces and gardens. The basilica, erected over the tomb of St Peter the Apostle, is the largest religious building in the world, the fruit of the combined genius of Bramante, Raphael, Michelangelo, Bernini and Maderna.
Vatican city-UNESCO World Heritage centre
Reading PassageVatican City ? formally State of the Vatican City, or Vatican City State (Italian: Stato della Citta del Vaticano, Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae) ? is a tiny sovereign state whose territory consists of a landlocked enclave within the city of Rome, Italy.
Since it is governed by the Bishop of Rome, the Pope, its government can be described as ecclesiastical and the highest state functionaries are in fact clergymen. The modern-day home of the popes, it is the smallest independent nation state in the world in terms of area and population (that is, if that of the Knights of Malta is not counted as a country). It is the territorial seat of the Holy See, the institutional entity represented by the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, and hence the principal ecclesiastical seat of the Catholic Church of both East and West.
The Vatican City is itself of great cultural significance. Buildings such as St. Peter's Basilica and the Sistine Chapel are home to some of the most beautiful art in the world, which includes works by artists such as Botticelli, Bernini and Michelangelo. The Vatican Library and the collections of the Vatican Museums are of the highest historical, scientific and cultural importance.
The permanent population of the Vatican City is predominately male, although two orders of nuns live in the Vatican. A minority are senior Catholic clergy; the remainder are members of religious orders. Many workers in the Vatican City live outside its walls, including the Swiss Guard and embassy personnel.
Men, and especially women, must adhere to strict dress codes. Clothes that show the legs above the knees are strictly banned.
Citizenship can be achieved by stable residence and by holding an office or job within the city. Tourism is an important factor in the daily life of the Vatican. The Pope leads weekly mass and other services, and appears on religious holidays such as Easter.
Knights of Malta
Europe for Visitors
Paul Nelson. Composer
Stato della Citta del Vaticano
Vatican:the Holy See
by Midori Kawabata, Aoyama Gakuin College of Economics
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